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Designed by Aglotel. All rights reserved

Having Wi-Fi connectivity issues! 

Outdoor Wi-Fi

Outdoor Wi-Fi in general are services offered by the following providers:

 

  • Free public Wi-Fi by municipal councils

  • Government Free Wi-Fi initiatives

  • Extension of Wi-Fi services by Internet Services Providers

  • Mobile operator data offloading facilities for poor cellular coverage

  • Extension of indoor Wi-Fi by hotel and resort operators

Generally, the services are offered free to the public and normally these Wi-Fi facilities are available in public venue environments such as parks, shopping centers, tourist attraction areas, bus and train stations, etc.

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With this in mind, the deployment and design for outdoor Wi-Fi are very much different from indoor and building Wi-Fi. Moreover, these are public areas where users are nomadic and mobile in nature. There are not many fixed or repeated users in a free public Wi-Fi environment. In contrast, providers will expect new users connecting to the network all the time as consumers prefer free Wi-Fi networks over their service providers’ data plan especially pre-paid mobile users with limited data plan capacity.

As such, designing outdoor Wi-Fi will require the following conditions to be complied:

 

Wi-Fi Security and Authentication login

Encryption of Wi-Fi Access Point and Authenticated login servers need to be in place to limit and improve Wi-Fi network security.

 
Large Coverage Area Needed

Outdoor Wi-Fi users are mainly targeted at cellphone or tablet users. Signal coverage for Wi-Fi Access points needs to have strong Wi-Fi footprint.

 

Limited Time Usage

To prevent free public Wi-Fi network congestion, providers need to limit the usage time of each user to free the DHCP MAC addresses and to prevent MAC addresses lock-up.

 

Wi-Fi Access Point Durability

Outdoor Wi-Fi Access Points are subjected to harsh weather environments. IP67 compliance enclosure box is preferred to protect the electronics component against water, dust, heat, and cold. Installation of outdoor Wi-Fi Access Points needs to be carried out by certified professionals.

 

Interference Mitigation

Installation of outdoor Wi-Fi is mainly carried out in public venues. In this case, there will be co-location with other Access Points. As such, the Access Points need to have interference mitigation features to manage radio frequencies congestions from different Wi-Fi signals.

More importantly, since most outdoor public Wi-Fi services are free to use, operators need to have a sustainable business model to ensure long term availability of these free Wi-Fi services. There are a few successful business models for operators to generate and recoup their Return-on-Investment for the free public Wi-Fi facility:

 

  • Combination of free and paid Wi-Fi usage with bandwidth capping and time limit

  • Mobile Advertising

  • SSID sharing for mobile data offloading to operators

  • Value-Added Services tie in with the Wi-Fi network (for e.g., video surveillance, etc.)